These are my notes from Jennifer Cutler’s presentation for the OU K-20 Center provided PD workshop, “Digital Citizenship: Learning to Cross the Street in a Digital World” at Ranchwood Elementary School in Yukon, Oklahoma, on April 3, 2013. MY THOUGHTS AND COMMENTS ARE IN ALL CAPS.

We don’t share this with you at the start of the PD sequence because we don’t want to scare everyone

We call this “Learning to Cross the Street in a Digital World” because we don’t just send kids out to the street by themselves
- we talk about not filtering everything, it would be better if things were open and you can teach kids
- we’ve heard some opting out of responsibility for character development
- digital citizenship is the same: we need to teach digital citizenship just lil we do character development

ISTE Standards
- it is the right thing to do
- it is also required by the state

Research we use is from PEW Research Center
- some of this is for teens
- 2011: percentage of teens who turned to for advice after witnessing online cruelty
- most accounts have
- a billion active users as of December 2012

STUDY: “Teens, kindness and cruelty on social network sites” (Nov 2011)

Kids are on Instagram, parents are on Facebook
- I think kids are logging into Instagram instead of Facebook to get away from adults

Instagram is the same as Facebook, but with pictures

(DISCUSSION WITH SOME TEACHERS THINKING ONLY PEOPLE WHO YOU HAVE APPROVED TO FOLLOW YOU PROFILE CAN SEE YOUR PHOTOS ON INSTAGRAM)

Video: Is Social Media a Fad? by Erik Qualman

Social Media Revolution 2 (Refresh) - YouTube

PEW Internet: Social Networking Full View (Feb 2013)
- 15% of online adults use Pinterest
- 13% of online adults use Instagram
- 6% of online adults use Tumbler
- 67% of online adults use Facebook
- 16% of online adults use Twitter
- 20% of online adults use LinkedIn as of August 2012

Who is most likely to post reviews online?
- people who are super happy or unhappy
- you need to be aware of how much the Internet will affect business

Twitter and social network site usage
- 78% of users are boys
- the lower your income level, the more likely it is your kids are on Facebook (maybe because of less home supervision)

Report: “The Demographics of Social Media Users — 2012” (Feb 2013, PEW Internet)

I believe there are big Internet and phone addictions with both kids and adults

Digital Etiquette
- politeness counts
- all caps = SCREAMING
- be careful with CC and reply all
- Avatars are people to
- Don’t stand for bullyING

Cyberbullying is a lot of what we are going to talk about today

Electronic Standards of Conduct
- is it appropriate to answer a call during a private conversation? Do you text when others are speaking to you?

Lots has changed, so we are wanting to encourage you to learn about these things
- you might not use all of these things, but you need to know about these things to talk to kids about these issues

Worst thing I can do to my teen today: “Ground her” from her phone

MY THOUGHT: I HEARD SHERRY TURKLE ON THE NPR TECHNOLOGY PODCAST THIS MORNING TALKING ABOUT THE POWERFUL PSYCHOLOGY OF CONTROL WHICH IS AT PLAY WITH OUR PHONES. THIS REMINDS ME OF THE SIGNS I’VE SEEN MORE IN CHECKOUT LINES

Idea from Pinterest eating out: Everyone put your phones in the middle of the table, and whoever picks up their phone first pays for dinner

When it is appropriate to ask permission before posting a message, photo or video of someone?

THIS IS A REAL IMPORTANT QUESTION THAT WE DON’T ASK ENOUGH.

How do you decide what is appropriate for a text or a post?

There are issues here when students are on field trip, even by parents.

We are supporting pro-active board policies on issues like this, rather than just being reactive

How do you decide what is appropriate for a text or a post?

To be literate, competent citizens, students must understand
- how the internet works
- how to access web resources
- how to evaluate web resources
- how to behave in a responsible manner in an online community

Kids do not behave responsibly and that is why we need to talk about these issues

MY THOUGHT: I THINK THERE ARE A LOT OF EXAMPLES OF KIDS ACTING RESPONSIBILITY, BUT WE TEND TO FOCUS MORE (OR EXCLUSIVELY) ON THE NEGATIVE EXEMPLARS INSTEAD OF THE POSITIVE. ONE OF THE BIG DANGERS IN SESSIONS,

Digital Literacy Examples
- Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus: zapatopi.net/treeoctopus
- Victorian Robots: www.bigredhair.com/robots
- All About Explorers: www.allaboutexplorers.com
- Dihydrogen Monoxide Research: www.dhmo.org (WikiPedia hoax page)

So now let’s see how to check for valid sources:
- showing and discussing MLK misinfo site from Stormfront (hate group)

Search Results for "Martin Luther King"

Use www.easywhois.com

Archive.org is Internet Wayback Machine
- this is managed by the government

MY COMMENT: ACTUALLY I THINK THE INTERNET ARCHIVE IS INDEPENDENTLY OPERATED. SEE THIS FAQ.

DigitalAccess: Full Electronic Participation in Society
- 78% of teens now have a cell phone, almost half (47%) have smartphones. This translates into 37% of all teens have smartphones, up from 23% in 2011
- 23% of teens have a tablet computer, a level comparable to the general adult population
- 95% of teens use the internet
- 93% of teens have a computer or have access to one at home. Seven in ten (71%) of teens with home computer access say the laptop or desktop they use most often is one they share with other family members

We updated these statistics last week

85% of US adults use the Internet today
89% of US adults today have cell phones (Jan 2013)

Accessing Internet on cell phones versus home Interent

Accessibility: How do you address these issues for your students?
What does accessibility have to do with equity?
Is equity one of your grant goals?

DigitalLaw
- electronic responsibility for actions and deeds
- cyberbullying
- impersonating
- pirating music / movies
- cite sources properly

MY THOUGHTS AND COMMENTS: THERE ARE 2 GOOD CURRENT CASE STUDIES WHICH ADDRESS PLAGIARISM ISSUES, SEE:
- “Jonah Lehrer, Integrity and Quotation Fabrication: A Case Study in Writing Ethics” (21 Aug 2012)
- “Why the Jane Goodall Plagiarism Case Worries Me” (2 Apr 2013)

In Clinton, Oklahoma, they are working toward town-wide wifi for all students (they are 1:1 iPads for all students in grades 6-12)
- every student has a Gmail account

Recent case: “Two teens found guilty in Steubenville rape case” (17 March 2013)

Oklahoma Mom Sues Over Twitter Picture of Unclothed Daughter” (7 Jan 2013)

Forever is a long, long time
- no one is really anonymous
- libel
- copyright violations
- school sanctions
- criminal prosecution

SnapChat is a new smartphone app which is contributing to more inappropriate photos / sexting incidents

article: “Web of Risks” from 2006 in Newsweek

article: “State builds case around MySpace account” (Sept 2008)

5 teachers disciplined for Facebook postings” (Nov 2008)

MY THOUGHT: WHEN I SIT IN SESSIONS LIKE THIS (LIKE THIS 2012 OTA SESSION: “Face the Facebook: Implications and Consequences for Educators Using Social Media by Colin Webb“) I YEARN FOR EXAMPLES OF POSITIVE DIGITAL SOCIAL NETWORKING

Kids in our schools today are not getting this kind of information

MY COMMENT: OUR SCHOOLS ARE DOING SOME INTERNET SAFETY EDUCATION WITH STUDENTS AS A RESULT OF ERATE MANDATES, BUT I THINK THE FORM THAT TAKES VARIES WIDELY BY SCHOOL AND DISTRICT.

Ryan Patrick Halligan suicide story on cyberbullying

Showing video from www.deletecyberbullying.org

Girls are twice as likely than boys to be victims as well as perpetrators of cyberbullying
- 90% of teens who have seen social-media bullying say they have ignored it, 84% have seen others tell cyberbullies to stop

After 14 cyberbullying can become cyberstalking or sexual harassment
- cyberstalking is continual cyberbully, a form of mental assault, and is covered in Oklahoma anti-stalking laws

Impersonating is posting under another’s identity, emailing using another’s identity, hacking someone’s phone or Facebook

Recent case in an Oklahoma school: A male student’s sister got his phone and posted “I’m gay and I’m coming out” when that was not true
- she did it as a joke, but it had devastating consequences

MTV show “Catfish”
- someone gets together people

Manti Tao case

Judge hears case of teen punished for Web parody” (2006)
- student taken out of AP classes, put in alt-ed, and missed graduation

“Myspace sites draw penalty”
- Jenks PS

If kids come to you and report cyberbullying, you are required to report it to your administrator just like cases of child abuse for DPS
- the law changed in 2011 in Oklahoma
- question from the group: Do we have this in our staff handbooks? How do we communicate this to staff?

text messaging bullying is the most common form

What schools can do
- ensure cyberbullying is covered by school’s Internet usage policy
- more…

Schools should take action if
- there is a threat that a rational person would take seriously
- disrupts the normal operation of school
- students use websites inappropriately at school
- students encourage others to misuse websites at school
- there is any negative impact on faculty, staff or students

MY THOUGHT: ANOTHER CASE STUDY TO CONSIDER IS THE RECENT ARTICLE IN NEWSOK.COM ABOUT A UCO STUDENT POSTING ABOUT A CLASSMATE, WHO WAS THREATENED BY HER DEPARTMENT CHAIR AT UCO WITH EXPULSION FROM THE UNIVERSITY. I WOULD LIKE TO HAVE THAT CASE CLARIFIED WHETHER THE BLOG WHERE THIS WAS POSTED WAS THE STUDENTS’ OWN BLOG, OR A CLASS BLOG. ARTICLE:

Subject to criminal prosecution:
- threats of violence
- coercion
- harassment/stalking
- more….

Music/Movie Privacy
- global piracy causes 12.5 billion in economic losses every year

MY THOUGHT ON THIS: SEASON 3 OF GAME OF THRONES PREMIER BROKE ALL MOVIE PIRACY/BIT TORRENT RECORDS LAST WEEK

Cite Sources Properly
- Turnitin.com (check for plagiarism)

MY THOUGHT: IT OCCURS TO ME IT WOULD BE GREAT AND IMPORTANT TO AMPLIFY THE POSTIVIVE EXPERIENCES SOME OF OUR YPS TEACHERS (AND OTHER OKLAHOMA TEACHERS MORE GENERALLY) HAVE HAD AS A RESULT OF DIGITAL SOCIAL NENTWORKING, SIMILAR TO WHAT ALAN LEVINE HAS DONE WITH HIS TRUE STORIES OF OPENNESS PROJECT. THEN WE CAN CHALLENGE PRESENTERS WHO ARE SHARING SESSIONS LIKE THIS ON ‘THE DANGERS OF THE INTERNET’ AND ‘BAD CHOICES PEOPLE MAKE WHICH ARE AMPLIFIED BY SOCIAL MEDIA’ TO SHARE THAT PROJECT AND AT LEAST ONE VIDEO FROM IT, TO ATTEMPT AT LEAST A SMALL COUNTER-BALANCE TO THE TAKEAWAY WHICH CAN HAPPEN AT SESSIONS LIKE THIS, WHICH GOES SOMETHING LIKE “THE INTERNET IS A REALLY DANGEROUS PLACE, I DON’T WANT TO PARTICIPATE IN INTERACTIONS ONLINE”

Online Ratings
- Ratemyteachers.com/school
- Pickaprof.com (now myedu)
- Amazon etc Product Ratings
- Yelp/Urbanspoon Restaurant Ratings
- Angie’s List Business Ratings

Facebook requires you be 13 to sign up

Showed news report video of GPS photos sharing where photos of kids are

Smartphone pictures pose privacy risks

“Isn’t that terrifying”

MY THOUGHT ON THIS: I’D LIKE TO KNOW IF THERE HAS BEEN A CASE IN THE US OF A STUDENT BEING KIDNAPPED AS A RESULT OF JUST ONLINE SHARED PHOTOS WITH GPS COORDINATES. GOOD ARTICLE FROM COMMON SENSE MEDIA ON THIS: “Is It Safe to Post Photos of Your Kids?

Manti Te’o case: Girlfriend Hoax

RSS = repetitive stress syndrome

Keep passwords on your device

Secure your wifi at home
- people can hack into your personal information via that open network

All resources from this presentation are available in Moodle on: k20cloud.net

MY THOUGHT: WHY KEEP THESE RESOURCES ON A PASSWORD-PROTECTED, WALLED-GARDEN SITE? THIS WAS A GREAT PRESENTATION AND THESE RESOURCES ARE GREAT, WE NEED TO ADVOCATE FOR THE BENEFITS OF SHARING ON THE OPEN WEB… EVEN WITH THE OU K-20 CENTER!

k20cloud.net Login

Closing thought: Death of a child
- you never think it will happen to you until it does
- if I’d had more information, maybe I’d make a better decision

ILI Conference will be November, date HAS been set!

MY CLOSING THOUGHT: MANY THANKS TO JENNIFER FOR SHARING THIS SESSION. I ALWAYS EMERGE FROM SESSIONS ON THIS TOPIC WITH LOTS TO THINK ABOUT. I RECOMMEND ALSO CHECKING OUT MY November 2009 PRESO NOTES, “Google Profiles, Online Reputation Management, and Digital Footprints.” OTHER POSTS TO CHECK OUT INCLUDE:
- “Beyond the Fear Factor with Internet Safety” (May 2008)
- “Internet Safety Issues with Joel Gabel of Google” (May 2008)
- “Internet Crimes with Larry Boggess of OSBI” (May 2008)
- “Internet Safety Issues: What can librarians do?” (May 2008)
- “Nancy Willard on CyberSafety Issues: Notes from Safe and Healthy Schools 2008 Oklahoma” (Nov 2008)
- “Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats: Responding to the Challenge by Nancy Willard” (Nov 2008)
- “Digital Citizenship in Libraries: Constructively Leveraging the Power of the Social Web” (Nov 2009)

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